New York's state capital is the City of Albany, and its largest is New York City. New York's Area is 54,475 square miles, and its citizens are referred to as New Yorkers. Its major industries include finance, communications, international trade, publishing, fashion, fruit and dairy farming, and tourism. As of 2010, the population totaled 8,175,133 people. Martin Van Buren, the 8th US President, was born in Kinderhook on December 5, 1782, and he served from 1838 to 1841. Millard Fillmore, the 13th US President, was born in Summerhill on January 7, 1800, and he served from 1850 to 1853. Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th US President, was born in New York City on October 27, 1858, and he served from 1901 to 1909. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the 32th US President, was born in Hyde Park on January 30, 1882, and he served from 1933 to 1945.
In general, New York has a humid continental climate. Weather in New York is heavily influenced by two continental air masses: a warm, humid one from the southwest and a cold, dry one from the northwest. The winters are long and cold in the Plateau Divisions of the state. In the majority of winter seasons, a temperature of −13 °F or lower can be expected in the northern highlands and 5 °F or colder in the southwestern and east-central highlands. The summer climate is cool in the Adirondacks, Catskills and higher elevations of the Southern Plateau. The New York City/Long Island area and lower portions of the Hudson Valley have rather warm summers by comparison, with some periods of high, uncomfortable humidity. The remainder of New York State enjoys pleasantly warm summers, marred by only occasional, brief intervals of sultry conditions. Summer daytime temperatures usually range from the upper 70s to mid-80s °F, over much of the state.
New York's three main rivers are the Hudson River, the Mohawk River, and the Genesee River. Its highest mountain is Mt. Marcy, measuring at a vertical 5344 feet. New York has 62 Counties and 29 state representatives. Its bordering States are Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island. Its bordering Country is Canada, and New York's bordering bodies of water include Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Lake Champlain, and the Atlantic Ocean. The State of New York has over 50 accredited universities, including Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University, and St John's University.