The state of Kentucky, which is located in an area of the United States known as the East South Central region, is considered to be a Southern state.Kentucky, Virginia, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania are the four states in the United States established as being commonwealth states. The area, which was once part of Virginia, became the fifteenth state of the United States in 1792. Kentucky is the twenty sixth state in population and thirty sixth largest for land area. Due to the fact that bluegrass grows in many of the pasture land of the state, it was given the nickname the Bluegrass State.
The state is well known for many different things. Among them are the thoroughbred horses that are raised there and the world famous Kentucky Derby horse race held at Churchill Downs annually, the Mammoth Cave National Park, which is considered the longest cave group in the world. Other things Kentucky is known for are the bourbon distilleries, tobacco, bluegrass music, the famous Louisville Slugger baseball bat, Daniel Boone National Forest, and the world's largest showing of fireworks known as Thunder Over Louisville. Climate in Kentucky is considered to be humid subtropical; daytime temperatures range from around the upper eighties during the summer time to lows in the lower or mid twenties in the winter. Kentucky has six income tax sets that are between two per cent and six per cent. Sales tax is set at six percent, property taxes are broadly based with many of the tax classes being exempt due to some local governments.
There are eight four-year universities that are public. University of Kentucky and University of Louisville are the two main research universities. Transylvania University, which is in Lexington, and is the oldest university west of the Allegheny Mountains, was founded in 1870. There are also sixteen colleges that are public and classed as two-year colleges. The Interstate highways in Kentucky include I-75, I-71, I-64, I-65, and I-24. There are also 9 parkways, which were toll roads until November 22, 2006 when the William H. Natcher and Audubon were the last two of the toll roads were discontinued being toll roads and the toll booths were closed or removed. In June of 2007, the speed limit was raised from 65 miles per hour to 75 miles per hour on the rural portions of the Interstate highways. Kentucky has many different attractions for people; among them is the birth place of Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth President of the United States.