Kansas is one of the 50 States of the United States of America and is located in the Midwest of the country. In addition, the center of North America is located in Kansas. The center of Kansas is used as a reference point for all the maps made by the Government of the United States. Insight into the history of Kansas sheds light on some of the state's nicknames. During the 1850s, following the Kansas-Nebraska Act, a large number of abolitionists and supporters of slaves settled in Kansas. Many slaves and abolitionist militia clashes occurred in Kansas, as well as in the neighboring state of Missouri. These conflicts were so violent that Kansas was given the nickname of Bleeding Kansas. Another nickname of Kansas which has its origins in this conflict is Jayhawker State. Jayhawker is a reference to abolitionists who invaded slave farms in Missouri, and freed slaves.
The economy of Kansas is robust. Gross domestic product of Kansas in 2003 was 93 billion dollars. Agriculture and livestock together accounted for a total of 3% of state GDP, employing about 101,000 people. Interestingly enough, Kansas is one of the national leaders of the agricultural industry. As the largest producer of wheat in the country, Kansas is known as Wheat State and Breadbasket of America. Kansas has about 60,000 farms, which covers more than 90% of the state. The main products produced by the agricultural industry of Kansas are wheat bovine, meat, and milk. Kansas has about 3,300 factories. Major industrial products manufactured in the state are transportation equipment, food processing equipment, and machinery. The manufacturing industry accounts for 18% of state GDP, employing approximately 220,000 people. The construction industry accounts for 4% of state GDP, and employs approximately 91,000 people.
The 2000 Census of the United States, set the population of Kansas at 2,688,418 inhabitants, a growth of 8.1 per cent in relation to the population of the State in 1990, of 2,485,600 inhabitants. The growth of the population of Kansas between 2000 and 2005 was of 76,138 inhabitants, 204,663 births less deaths 128,525. Between 2000 and 2005, the population of Kansas grew by 55,863 inhabitants, and between 2004 and 2005, by 10,990 inhabitants. It is estimated that Kansas has about 47 thousand illegal immigrants, which accounts for 1.7% of the population of the State. Natives of Kansas have no problem accessing local information. Currently, there are nearly 260 newspapers published in the State. Kansas currently has 132 radio stations - of which 49 are AM and 83 are FM.